Five Dates Every Christian Should Know

70 AD: The Jewish-Roman War: Christianity breaks from Judaism

  • Culmination of Jewish resentment of Roman oppression
  • Cataclysmic end of the Old Covenant; fulfillment of prophecy
  • Destruction of the Temple; cessation of sacrifices; diaspora (dispersion) of the Jews
  • Christians no longer protected under Jewish umbrella; series of Roman persecutions against Christians
  • Christianity as a world religion: Judea, Samaria, and beyond

Matthew 24:1-2; Mark 13:1-2; Luke 21:20-22; 2 Timothy 3:12; Matthew 5:10-12; Romans 8:35; 1 Corinthians 4:12-13

325 AD: The Council of Nicea: The Trinity and the Nicene Creed

  • Emperor Constantine and the Edict of Milan
  • Christianity: from persecuted to privledged; diluting the Faith?
  • Arianism and other Trinitarian heresies
  • Athanasius and the Council of Constantinople
  • The Trinity: One God in Three Persons

Deuteronomy 6:4; Isaiah 43:10; John 17:3; Matthew 26:63-66; John 1:1; Acts 5:3-4; 2 Corinthians 3:18, Matthew 28:19; Luke 3:21-22

451 AD: The Council of Chalcedon: The Person of Christ

  • Politics and power in the Church: East and West
  • Apollinarianism and other Christological heresies
  • Mary as the “God-bearer”
  • Chalcedonian Definition: Jesus Christ as fully human, fully divine; One Person in Two Natures

John 1:1,14; Hebrews 2:14-17; 4:15; Philippians 2:5-11; Luke 1:27,35; Colossians 2:9; Romans 1:3,4: 1 Timothy 2:5

1054 AD: The Great Schism: Eastern and Western Christianity

  • The Fall of Rome and the Rise of the Papacy: Rome v. Constantinople
  • The Holy Roman Empire: Christendom
  • Cultural and theological differences: language, liturgy, papacy, deification, filioque
  • The Crusades seal the break: 1095-1270
  • Traditions: Eastern mysticism and Western reason

Matthew 15:3-6; 16:18; Mark 7:6-13; John 14:26; 15:26

1517 AD: The Protestant Reformation: Scripture Alone and Faith Alone

  • Luther’s 95 theses re: corruption of the Medieval Church
  • Reformers: Wycliffe, Hus, Tyndale, Luther, Calvin, Zwingli, Knox
  • Scripture Alone: Reclaiming the Bible as the Christian’s ultimate authority for Faith and Practice
  • Faith Alone: Rescuing the Gospel from tradition/works: Justified thru imputation to Christ’s righteousness
  • The Five Sola’s: Grace Alone, Faith Alone, Christ Alone, Scripture Alone, To God Alone be Glory

2 Timothy 3:16; 2 Peter 1:21; John 6:29; 20:31; Titus 3:5; Ephesians 2:8-9: Romans 3:28;4:5; Galatians 2:16; 2 Corinthians 5:21

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