Man wakes. He sees himself wedged into a realm of objects. While he sees that basic components of himself are constituted by the material, he views himself as distinguished from nature and the other beasts.
At first man realized he was in a world of chaos where everything was dangerous. He found himself to be frail, a grain of wheat subject to the winds of nature. Man begins to reverse these tides as he builds tools and harnesses the natural resources and elements around him in a fashion after his will. This evolves into science where man categorizes and seizes control over all that is foreign he comes into contact with. This project’s success moves him away from him viewing himself in a feeble condition to one of a ruler. It seems to him that he is autonomous; the whole sphere of nature is inert and subject to man’s influence.
While nature has revealed itself as transparent, seemingly fully knowable, other men are not. Man finds himself naturally gravitating toward another creating groups. Without exception in time, certain men find themselves on top as others are put into subjection due to their strength. This structure becomes more complex during man’s progression creating society. As man becomes more clever he learns language. Only more tools are now available to bring the other into one’s mastery. Those at the bottom resent those at the top and create ideas such as religion and morality when discovering that language is their greatest instrument of control. Through religion and morality the social positions invert, serving as a stable foundation for a new type of human organization.
But the problem is that as science develops man begins to analyze his own social structures. He sees that religion (and inevitably the morality that is an appendage of it), cannot stand under the scrutiny of science. As man waves the banner of science he crumbles the foundation upon which the order of society stands, not realizing what he has destroyed. Man then holds onto unstable ideologies which cannot contain the floodgates of his nature.